Amazing China 21 days

You will visit:

Beijing–Xi’an-Chengdu-Chongqing-Yangtze River Cruise-Wuhan-Suzhou-Shanghai-Zhuhai-Macau-Hongkong

 

Highlight Features:
  • Tour departure is guaranteed when group size is 10 people and up.
  • Experienced local English tour guide.
  • Premium small group, not more than 20 people for each tour.
  • No forced shopping during the trip.
  • VIP package on Yangtze River Cruise, includes free local wines & beers, discounted laundry rates and so on.
  • Best itineraries to cover most important cities and attractions in China.

Overnight flight

Day 1: CANADA – BEIJING (Served on plane)

Depart from Canada to Beijing by international flight.

Overnight in Beijing Luxury Hotel

Day 2: ARRIVAL BEIJING (D)

Arrive at Beijing airport in the afternoon. Meet your local guide and transfer to hotel and have the rest of the day at leisure.

In the evening, enjoy Peking Roast Duck Dinner at the most famous restaurant – Quanjude.

Overnight in Beijing Luxury Hotel

Day 3: BEIJING (B/L/D)

In history of China, Beijing was the capital for around 900 years (since Jin Dynasty, 1115-1234 AD) till 1911 and has been resumed as the capital of the People’s Republic of China since 1949, and therefore is home to tremendous historical and cultural heritages. Of those, most famous ones are Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, the Great Wall, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven and Ming Dynasty Tombs, most of them recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Also, Beijing, the second biggest city behind Shanghai in China, has become a world-class political, economic, cultural and educational center, with a population of 21.7 million (2017). In 2008, Beijing hosted the 29th Olympics Games and built some extremely brilliant architectures, such as Bird’s Nest National Stadium and Water Cube. Nowadays, Beijing has become the most visited place in the world, receives hundreds of millions of visitors every year.

After breakfast, visit the Tiananmen Square (meaning the Square of Heavenly Peace in Chinese), it is the world’s largest inner-city square, significantly enlarged in 1959 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. Tiananmen Square covers 440,000 square meters and can hold one million people. Also, every day, there are National Flag-raising Ceremony and Flag-lowering Ceremony on Tiananmen Square, at the times of sunrise and sunset.

After Tiananmen Square, then visit the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City, also known as the Imperial Palace, is China’s and World’s greatest Imperial Palace. It was originated back to the Yuan Dynasty (13th century), and significantly re-built and enlarged by the Third Ming Dynasty Emperor (between AD 1406 and 1420), and continuously maintained by following Ming and Qing Dynasties. The Forbidden City covers 720,000 square meters and has been home to 24 Emperors in Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (AD 1644-1912), where Emperors were living and ruling their empires. The Imperial Palace has been called the Forbidden City since ordinary citizens weren’t never allowed to access; it is surrounded by a 10-meter-high wall with watch towers in the four corners (with guiding soldiers on the wall 24 hours a day in empire times) and a 50-meter-wide moat. Today, the Forbidden City has been turned into a Palace Museum with the world’s largest collection of Chinese traditional architectures, wooden furniture, treasures and artworks, and welcomes around 17 million of visitors a year, and is recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site.

After lunch you will have the chance to explore the old town of Beijing, on a Pedicab Ride through the Hutongs and Siheyuan.

In Beijing, hutongs are alleys formed by lines of Siheyuan, the traditional courtyard residences of civilians in North China for past hundreds of years. Many neighborhoods were formed by joining one Siheyuan to another to form a hutong, and then joining one hutong to another. The word hutong is also used to refer to such neighborhoods.

Since the mid-20th century, many Beijing hutongs were demolished to make way for new roads and buildings. More recently, however, many hutongs have been designated as protected, to preserve this aspect of Chinese cultural history. Hutongs were first established in the Yuan dynasty (1206–1341 AD) and then developed in the Ming (1368–1628 AD) and Qing (1644–1908 AD) dynasties. After Hutongs and Siheyuan, you have the chance to watch a tea making performance, and in meanwhile, learn Beijing Opera Mask painting.

In the evening, enjoy a delicious Peking Roast Duck Dinner at the most famous restaurant – Quanjude.

Chinese Kungfu show

Overnight in Beijing Luxury Hotel

Day 4: BEIJING (B/L/D)

Today, we take time to explore one of the most impressive architectural wonders in world’s history, the Great Wall. The Great Wall is a defense system consisting of a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, and wood, along the historical northern borders of China to protect various Chinese empires from the invasions of Nomadic tribes in the North. The Great Wall, initially started in 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China (little of which remains), and has been significantly rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced in Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) stretching for more than 5,000 miles. Today, the majority of the existing Great Wall is from the Ming Dynasty, and is recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site.

For sightseeing of the Great Wall Tour, you will visit the Badaling Great Wall, it is the best preserved and most representative section of the Great Wall, and therefore the most visited Great Wall section.

Afternoon, you have the chance to visit Jade store to purchase some Chinese traditional crafts.

Tonight, you might have a chance to watch a wonderful Chinese Kungfu Show. Chinese Kung Fu (Martial Arts or as popularly referred to as Gongfu or Wushu) is a series of fighting styles which has developed over a long historical period in China. Nowadays, it is regarded as a traditional sport gaining more and more popularity and even stands as a representative for Chinese culture. Styles including Shaolin, Tai Chi and Qigong have many followers worldwide. Some westerners think that all Chinese people are Kung Fu masters. That’s not true, but this traditional heritage has its unique existence in modern times and left much influence on the locals’ lifestyle.

Although being fighting styles, Kung Fu advocates virtue and peace, not aggression or violence. This has been the common value upheld by martial artists from generation to generation. With a number of movement sets, boxing styles, weapon skills and some fighting stunts, Kung Fu keeps its original function of self-defense. Now its value in body-building and fitness is also highly appreciated.

Overnight in Xi’an Luxury Hotel

Day 5: BEIJING – XI’AN (B/L/D) 

After breakfast, visit Temple of Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is an imperial complex of religious buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing. The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. The temple complex was constructed from 1406 to 1420 AD during the reign of the Yongle Emperor in Ming Dynasty, who was also the one constructed the Forbidden City in Beijing. The Temple of Heaven was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.

Overnight in Xi’an Luxury Hotel

Day 6: XI’AN (B/L/D)

Today, after breakfast, we are visiting Terra-Cotta Warriors. Xi’an is the most important city in Western China. Xi’an is also one of the oldest cities in China, with more than 3,000 years of history, and was being the capital for several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou (1046 BC – 771 BC), Qin, Western Han (202 BC – 8 AD), Sui, and Tang (618 – 907), for more than 1000 years. Xi’an is home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, and the starting point of the Silk Road. Silk Road, initiated in Western Han, is an ancient network of trade routes and cultural interaction for centuries, from Xi’an through Eurasia to the regions of Mediterranean.

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shihuang,

the first Emperor of China. Trace back to the time of 2,000 years ago, 246 BC, soon after Qin Shihuang enthroned, his mausoleum project began, eventually involved 700,000 workers and lasted 39 years. Terracotta warriors were part of Qin Shihuang Mausoleum project, with more than 8,000 life-sized statues/soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. It is a form of funerary art, with the Terracotta Army buried with the First Emperor to protect the emperor and his empire in his afterlife. Terracotta soldiers were made to real Qin soldiers with individual personalities and arranged according to battle arrays of the real Qin armies. Terracotta Army is another most impressive man-made wonders in world’s history and was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

In the afternoon, visit Muslim Quarter of Xi’an. The history of the Muslim Quarter can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907), when Muslim merchants came via the Silk Road to Chang’an (today’s Xi’an), and Muslim food later developed its special characteristic of mainly using beef and mutton, complementing with pastry.

Today, the Xi’an Muslim Quarter is famous for its traditional foods and cultural activities. The traditional foods consist of a lot of delicious local Xi’an delicacies and typical Shanxi snacks, such as paomo, sour soup dumplings, soup with pepper, fried dough twist (mahua) and so on. Xi’an Muslim Quarter, also called Muslim Street, a featured stone-paved old street, has become a favorite place for locals and visitors because of the tastiest foods and leisure atmosphere.

Overnight in Chengdu Luxury Hotel

Day 7:  XI’AN–CHENGDU (B/L/D)

After Breakfast, tour the ancient City wall of Xi’an. Xi’an City Wall was initially built in Ming Dynasty (1374 AD – 1378 AD) and significantly refurbished a few times since then. Today, Xi’an city wall remains the most complete ancient city wall in China and one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. The City Wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) wide at the bottom and covers 13.7 kilometers (8.5 miles) in length with a deep moat surrounding it. After lunch, take high-speed train to CHENGDU.

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province and one of most important cities in Western China, with history back to 4th Century BC, and was the capital of Shu Kingdom (one of the Three Kingdoms in Chinese history, 220 – 280 AD).  Chengdu is now renowned for its Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, where visitors get chance to view endangered giant pandas closely in a place very close to Giant Panda’s natural habitat.

Overnight in Chengdu Luxury Hotel

Day 08: CHENGDU (B/L)

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province and one of most important cities in Western China, with history back to 4th Century BC, and was the capital of Shu Kingdom (one of the Three Kingdoms in Chinese history, 220 – 280 AD).  Chengdu is now renowned for its Research Base of Giant Panda

Breeding, where visitors get chance to view endangered giant pandas closely in a place very close

to Giant Panda’s natural habitat.

 

After breakfast, visit the Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding. This research base was created

to imitate natural habitats of wild giant pandas to provide pandas the best environment for living and breeding.

 

The giant pandas are a bear native to Chinese bamboo forest. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda’s diet is over 99% bamboo. Due to very low fertility rate and decreased habitat as a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, giant panda was significantly endangered. Nowadays, giant panda is China’s national treasure with a quantity in the wild of less than 2,000, mainly living in a few mountain ranges in south central China (Sichuan province).

 

By end of 2015, there are about 400 giant pandas living in captivity in the world, and Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding is one of four largest bases or zoos (all in China) with more than 10 giant pandas. Therefore, when visitors from home and abroad come to Chengdu, Sichuan, one of their main objectives will be to see this lovely giant panda.

 

After lunch, have a sightseeing and relaxation at Wide and Narrow Alley. Wide and Narrow Alley, as its name suggests, consists of two ancient alleys, wide alley and narrow alley. It was constructed in Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911 AD) with 45 courtyards along and was the most luxury residential area mainly for the upper class of old Chengdu city. Wide and Narrow Alley is the only and most important part well preserved from old Chengdu city and is now a microcosm of the city’s history, as well as a deep mark in local people’s memory. Nowadays, Wide and Narrow Alley becomes a popular entertainment and nightlife block for locals, as well as a famous tourist site, with lots of restaurants, pubs, teahouses, and stores selling featured souvenirs. It is worth a visit for sightseeing and leisure, walking in the street, relaxing and having a coffee. After free time, back to hotel.

Overnight in Chengdu Luxury Hotel

Day 09: CHENGDU (B/L/D)                            

Today, we will take the train or bus to visit a famous UNESCO World Heritage site-Leshan Giant Buddlha. The remarkable Leshan Giant Buddha (Da Fo) was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site together with Mount Emei in 1996. The stone Buddha was carved in the 8th century AD out of the hillside of Xijuo Peak. Facing the confluence of the Minjiang, Dadu and Qingyi Rivers, Leshan Giant Buddha is the tallest Buddha sculpture in the world with a height of 71 meters.

Overnight on cruise

Day 10: CHENGDU–CHONGQING (B/D)     

Free morning to relax. After Lunch, take the high speed to Chongqing (G8511 14:33-16:06). After dinner board cruise ship to YANGTZE RIVER, depart from Chongqing.

Cruise day 1

Yangtze River is the longest river in China (6,380 KM) and the third in the world, after the Nile and the Amazon. The most impressive part of the Yangtze River is the Three Gorges where our Yangtze River cruise will be sailing, stretching from Yichang to Chongqing for 193 KM.

Optional Excursion Fengdu:  RMB260.00. Pay on board

Overnight on cruise

Day 11: CRUISE (B/L/D)     

Cruise day 2

7:15-8:15 Breakfast provided by buffet

8:15-10:45 Optional excursion :(RMB260.00. Pay on board) Fengdu — Ghost City (by coach, ab 2.5h)

16:00-18:00 Shore excursion to Shi Bao Zhai Temple. Shibaozhai (meaning precious stone village) was an ancient village built about 400 years ago on top of a steep and craggy hill (660 feet tall) as a fortress by a group of rebels in middle 17th century. In early 18th century, a Buddhist temple was built on the hill. In early 19th century, a 9-story wooden pagoda was built against the hill cliff to aid prayers and visitors in getting to Buddhist temple. In 1956, three more stories were added on top of the wooden pagoda, to the current 12 stories.

18:15 Captain’s Welcoming Banquet

20:30 Captain’s Welcoming Dancing Party in Ball Room

Optional Excursion White Emperor City:  RMB260.00. Pay on board

Overnight on cruise

Day 12: CRUISE (B/L/D)

Cruise day 3

7:00 – 8:00 Breakfast provided by buffet

7:50 – 10:30 Optional tour Shore excursion to White Emperor City (RMB260.00. Pay on board)

White Emperor City, a quite small ancient town has been very famous for its involvement in a historic event (223 AD) when an emperor lost an important war and had to entrust his young successor and empire to his Prime minister when he was dying. It is not a wonderful scenery spot and might not be worthy visiting if you have no background of Chinese history.

10:45 – 11:15 Passes through the 1st gorge – Qutang Gorge 

12:30 – Passes though the 2nd gorge – Wu Gorge

15:00 – 18:30 Boat excursion to Shennong Stream. Disembark from your Cruise and switch to a smaller ferry boat, which will sail about 20 minutes to Shennong Stream landing, and then transfer to traditional sampans (small wooden boats that hold approximately 12 passengers and 6 boat men and boat trackers), called “peapod boats” because of their appearance.

If lucky to have a local Tujia minority guide, you can ask the guide to sing some traditional folk songs or sweet love songs, while passing narrow gorges and seeing beautiful scenery. When boat going through shallow areas or getting stuck, boat trackers will get out of boat and pull the boat manually with rope on their backs. You don’t need to be guilty for this, most boat trackers are from undeveloped areas and are happy to have this job to support their families. This shore excursion must be one of your unforgettable memories.

20:30 Night on the Yangtze River – Gathering Party

Overnight in Wuhan Hotel

Day 13: CRUISE (B/L/D)

Cruise day 4

8:00 – 10:30 A shore excursion to the worksite of The Gorges Project. Three Gorges Tribe is a good

place to view the wonderful natural landscapes and explore the unique culture and custom of the Tujia ethnic minority (one of China’s minority groups). You will find yourself in a natural scenery

painting: blue sky, green mountains, crystal-clear water, boats floating quietly, and waterwheels

rotating slowly. Moreover, you may enjoy some amazing folk shows and acrobatics, and the wonderful song and dance performances by Tujia girls and boys.

11:30 – 12:30 Disembarkation at Yichang, after Lunch, transfer to Wuhan.

Overnight in Shanghai Hotel

Day 14: WUHAN-SHANGHAI (B/L)

After breakfast, visit Hubei Museum. After Lunch, Take the high-speed train to Shanghai. Since 19th century (after First Opium War, 1840 AD), Shanghai has become a major financial city in Far East, which has led to a European building boom at the Bund (the Riverside Park) of Huangpu River, with the presence of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architectures. In the past 40 years, with rapid economic development, Shanghai has again become the biggest and most developed city in China, with a population of 24 million (2017), playing significant roles in finance, economy, technology, and fashion.

Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel

Day 15: SHANGHAI-SUZHOU (B/L/D)

After breakfast, we take the bus (around 2 hours) to Suzhou.  You will visit some most famous classic gardens, such as Humble Administrator’s Garden, Couple’s Retreat Garden, all recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

After Lunch,transfer to Tongli, an ancient water town, started in Song Dynasty (AD 960 -1279). Water town in China means a town with a lot of rivers crossing or surrounding, therefore, you will see small rivers, old bridges, stone paved valleys and streets, as well as many old residences in the small town. The most famous residence, called “The Retreat & Reflection Garden”, built in 19th century by an official in Qing Dynasty (AD1885), is now a notable classical garden in China and recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Later afternoon, before back to Shanghai Hotel, we will drop by the silk factory to see silk making, and, at your freedom, to shop some good silk products.

Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel

Day 16: SHANGHAI (B/L)

After breakfast, visit Jade Buddha Temple to learn about the Buddhism, the most popular religion in China, and visit Shanghai Museum.

Today, you will also go to Tianzifang & Xin Tian Di. Tianzifang is a touristic arts and crafts place that has developed from a renovated traditional residential area (in the French Concession area of old Shanghai city) and is now home to boutique shops, bars and restaurants. You may have a peaceful walk and enjoy a coffee. Xin Tian Di, a place also called “New World of Shanghai”, was started in the early 1900’s and has become a top tourist spot in Shanghai due to its uniqueness of combining exotic and oriental buildings and culture. On one hand, there exist Shanghai traditional architectures, stone-arched gates, lanes and old residential houses, with presence of antique walls, tiles and exterior; but on the other hand, interior of these architectures shows a totally different modern style. It is a fashionable pedestrian street with international gallery, bars and cafes, boutiques and restaurants, and have a perceiving of both the old Shanghai in the 1900’s and the modern Shanghai of the 21st century.

Special Dinner: Revolving restaurant buffet

Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel

Day 17: SHANGHAI (B/D)

Today, the later Morning, we enjoy shopping in Shanghai’s most bustling shopping street – Nanjing Road. You will take a free time for your lunch there.

Afternoon, we visit most famous building in Shanghai, the TV tower, also called The Oriental Pearl, we will go up to the 2nd ball, look down upon the whole city, and most important, enjoy your dinner in the revolving restaurant buffet. After dinner, we will have an evening boat ride on the Huangpu River to wrap up this wonderful day.

Overnight in Zhuhai Luxury Hotel

Day 18: SHANGHAI–ZHUHAI (B/D)

After breakfast, transfer to airport for flight to Zhuhai. Zhuhai is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of Guangdong province in China. Located in the Pearl River Delta, Zhuhai borders Jiangmen to the northwest, Zhongshan to the north, and Macau to the south. According to the time of the flight, you maybe have the chance to visit Zhuhai city center or Zhuhai Coast.

Overnight in Hongkong Luxury Hotel

Day 19: ZHUHAI–MACAU–HONGKONG (B/L/D)

After breakfast, Transfer to Macau by ferry, Visit A-MA Temple, The A-Ma Temple is a temple to

the Chinese sea-goddess Mazu located in São Lourenço, Macau, China. Built in 1488, the temple one of the oldest in Macau and thought to be the settlement’s namesake. You will visit Ruins of St. Paul’s, Senado square, Venation Casino. After Dinner, go to Hongkong Hotel.

Optional 1-day tour: CAD175. 00P.P with a lunch

Overnight in Hongkong Luxury Hotel

Day 20: HONGKONG (B)

Today, you might enjoy your free time in Hongkong or take optional tour with tour guide.

Optional 1-day tour:

Visit the Victoria Peak (Mid-Level). Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island. It is also known as Mount Austin, and locally as The Peak. With an elevation of 552 m, it is the highest hill on Hong Kong island, ranked 31 in terms of elevation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Repulse Bay. Visit the Garden of Street. the Jewelry Shop and Chocolate Shop. Enjoy shopping at lady street.

Day 21: HONGKONG–CANADA (B)

After breakfast, transfer to airport for flight back to Canada.

Amazing China 21 Days

DEPARTURE DATES
PRICE (2 OCCP.) CAD P.P.
SINGLE SUPPLEMENT CAD P.P.
LAND TOUR ONLY
Apr 06, 2020  CAD5380.00  CAD1700.00  N/A
May 11, 2020 CAD5380.00 CAD1700.00 N/A
Sep 02, 2020  CAD5380.00  CAD1700.00 N/A
Oct 07, 2020  CAD5380.00  CAD1700.00 N/A

**Prices valid until May 31, 2019

**Prices are based on Calgary departure, for other departure cities, please speak with us for accurate quotation.

**Prices are based on double occupancy, and per each guest.

**Payment by cheque or cash only.

**Credit card not accepted except for deposit.

What the tour price includes:

*Taxes and fuel surcharge.
*International flight air fare(From Calgary, Edmonton).
*All luxury hotels & special style hotel accommodations.
*Local transportation as specified (air, cruise, and coach).
*Daily meals mentioned in the itinerary and featuring regional specialties.
*Guided sightseeing and entrance fees per itinerary.
*English-speaking guides throughout tour.

 

What the tour price not includes:

*Local guide & drivers service fees (CAD10.00 per day per guest)
*Visa fee (optional: CAD180.00 per guest)
*Travel Insurance
*Gratuities for tour leader where applicable
*Optional admission charges

Hongkong: Victoria Peak

An original Chinese drama play, ‘The Golden Mask Dynasty’ was sponsored by Overseas Chinese Town, OCT, which invested 200 million yuan into building the Beijing OCT Theater for the play. The play has eight chapters and included more than 200 actors from China and abroad. Produced by Chinese playwrights, directors and designers, the play features Chinese dances, acrobatics, costumes, and lighting and acoustics.

Fairy-tale Legend

Victoria Peak  is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island. It is also known as Mount Austin, and locally as The Peak. With an elevation of 552 m (1,811 ft), it is the highest hill on Hong Kong island, ranked 31 in terms of elevation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Tai Mo Shan is the highest point in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with an elevation of 957 m (3,140 ft)).

The summit is occupied by a radio telecommunications facility and is closed to the public. However, the surrounding area of public parks and high-value residential land is the area that is normally meant by the name The Peak. It is a major tourist attraction that offers views of Central, Victoria Harbour, Lamma Island, and the surrounding islands

 Shanghai: Kungfu Show

Kung Fu is an American action-adventure martial arts western drama television series starring David Carradine. The series follows the adventures of Kwai Chang Caine, a Shaolin monk who travels through the American Old West, armed only with his spiritual training and his skill in martial arts, as he seeks Danny Caine, his half-brother.

Kwai Chang Caine (David Carradine) is the orphaned son of an American man, Thomas Henry Caine (Bill Fletcher), and a Chinese woman, Kwai Lin, in mid-19th-century China.After his maternal grandfather’s death he is accepted for training at a Shaolin Monastery, where he grows up to become a Shaolin priest and martial arts expert.

In the pilot episode Caine’s beloved mentor and elder, Master Po, is murdered by the Emperor’s nephew; outraged, Caine retaliates by killing the nephew. With a price on his head, Caine flees China to the western United States, where he seeks to find his family roots and, ultimately, his half-brother, Danny Caine.

Although it is his intention to avoid notice, Caine’s training and sense of social responsibility repeatedly force him out into the open, to fight for justice or protect the underdog. After each such encounter he must move on, both to avoid capture and prevent harm from coming to those he has helped. Searching for his family, he meets a preacher (played by real-life father John Carradine) and his mute sidekick Sonny Jim (played by real-life brother Robert Carradine), then his grandfather (played by Dean Jagger).

Flashbacks are often used to recall specific lessons from Caine’s childhood training in the monastery from his teachers, the blind Master Po (Keye Luke) and Master Chen Ming Kan (Philip Ahn). Part of the appeal of the series was undoubtedly the emphasis laid, via the flashbacks, on the mental and spiritual power that Caine had gained from his rigorous training. In these flashbacks, Master Po calls his young student “Grasshopper” in reference to a scene in the pilot episode:

Master Po: Close your eyes. What do you hear?
Young Caine: I hear the water, I hear the birds.
Po: Do you hear your own heartbeat?
Caine: No.
Po: Do you hear the grasshopper which is at your feet?
Caine: Old man, how is it that you hear these things?
Po: Young man, how is it that you do not?

During four episodes of the third and final season (“Barbary House”, “Flight to Orion”, “The Brothers Caine”, and “Full Circle”), Caine finds his brother Danny (Tim McIntire) and his nephew Zeke (John Blyth Barrymore).

Cloisonne 景泰蓝

Cloisonne is a unique art form that originated in Beijing during the Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368). In the period titled ‘Jingtai’ during the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), the emperor who was very much interested in bronze-casting techniques, improved the color process, and created the bright blue that appealed to the Oriental aesthetic sense. After a processing breakthrough, most articles for his daily use were made of cloisonne; in time cloisonne became popular among the common people; their favorite called ‘Jingtai Blue’.

Freshwater Pearl 淡水珍珠

With a total production of 1,500 tons in 2006, China holds a monopoly over the pearl industry today. Although the birth of the Chinese freshwater pearl industry is traced back to the area around Shanghai, freshwater pearls are now produced in all the surrounding provinces including: Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, and Jianxi. Local pearl trade is conducted mainly in the cities of Zhuji (Shanxiahu), Suzhou, Wuxi, Wenling, and Weitang. The largest marketplace for these freshwater pearls is the world’s pearl trading hub, Hong Kong.

Saltwater Pearl 海水珍珠

The main Chinese saltwater farms are located in the south of the peninsula of Leizhou, in the province of Guangdong and Guangxi. The producers use by the name of Akoya. As noted above, these oysters produce only up to four or five pearls each.

Silk 丝绸

Raising silkworms and reeling the silk from their cocoons was ancient China’s greatest achievement in the utilization of natural fibers. As long ago as the Neolithic Age (c. 12,000-2000 BC), the Chinese ancestors had invented flat-weaving and figured-weaving techniques, and were tinting cloth using natural vermilion dye. With improvements in loom construction dying methods, more varieties of silk were developed and a comprehensive system of cloth dying evolved. China possessed the most advanced silk dying and weaving techniques of the ancient world.

Jade 玉

Chinese jade is any of the carved-jade objects produced in China from the Neolithic Period onward. The Chinese regarded carved-jade objects as intrinsically valuable. They metaphorically equated jade with human virtues because of its hardness, durability, and beauty. The Chinese used jade for tools, but also for carved insignias and talismans probably related to ceremonial ritual. Jade was prized by the Chinese for its durability, its musical qualities, its subtle, translucent colors, and its alleged protective powers – it was thought to prevent fatigue and delay the decomposition of the body.

Green Tea 绿茶

The green Tea (in simplified sinograms 绿茶, in traditional sonograms绿茶 and in pinyin lǜchá) is a tea slightly oxidized during its manufacture. This type of tea is extremely popular in China and Japan, where it deemed to have therapeutic properties more effectively. This tea is spreading increasingly in the West, in which they traditionally drink instead of black tea. It is also the base ingredient of mint tea. Steeping green tea too hot or too long will result in a bitter, astringent brew, regardless of the initial quality, because it will result in the release of an excessive amount of tannins. High-quality green teas can be and usually are steeped multiple times; two or three steepings is typical. The steeping technique also plays a very important role in avoiding the tea developing an overcooked taste. The container in which the tea is steeped or teapot should also be warmed beforehand so that the tea does not immediately cool down. It is common practice for tea leaf to be left in the cup or pot and for hot water to be added as the tea is drunk until the flavor degrades.