Dynamic China 16 days
You will visit:
- Tour departure is guaranteed when group size is 10 people and up.
- Experienced local English tour guide.
- Premium small group, not more than 20 people for each tour.
- No forced shopping during the trip.
- VIP package on Yangtze River Cruise, includes free local wines & beers, discounted laundry rates and so on.
- Best itineraries to cover most important cities and attractions in China.
Day 1: CANADA – SHANGHAI (Served on plane)
Depart from Canada to Shanghai by international flight.
Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel
Day 2: ARRIVAL SHANGHAI (D)
Arrive at Shanghai airport in the afternoon. Meet your local guide and transfer to hotel and have the rest of the day at leisure.
Welcome Dinner: Revolving restaurant buffet
Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel
Day 3: SHANGHAI (B/L/D)
Since 19 century (after First Opium War, 1840 AD), Shanghai has become a major financial city in the Far East, which has led to a European building boom at the Bund (the Riverside Park) of Huangpu River, with the presence of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architectures. In the past 40 years, with rapid economic development, Shanghai has again become the biggest and most developed city in China, with a population of 24 million (2017), playing significant roles in finance, economy, technology, and fashion.
After breakfast, visit Jade Buddha Temple to learn about the Buddhism, the most popular religion in China. Next, we visit the Town God Temple, originated from Ming Dynasty (1403 AD), where residents pray for good fortune and peace, and with the surrounding streets now being turned into a busy marketplace. Then we explore the Bund (the Riverside Park) to see those historical Western architectures remained from the 19th century. Later afternoon, we visit the most famous building in Shanghai, the TV tower also called The Oriental Pearl, we will go up to the 2nd ball, look down upon the whole city, and most important, enjoy your dinner in the revolving restaurant buffet. After dinner, we will have an evening boat ride on the Huangpu River to wrap up this wonderful day.
After dinner: Acrobatics show
Overnight in Shanghai Luxury Hotel
Day 4: SHANGHAI (B/D)
Today, after breakfast visit Shanghai Museum. Afternoon, we enjoy shopping in Shanghai’s most bustling shopping street – Nanjing Road. Later afternoon, visit Tianzifang, a touristic arts and crafts place that has developed from a renovated traditional residential area (in the French Concession area of old Shanghai city) and is now home to boutique shops, bars and restaurants. You may have a peaceful walk and enjoy a coffee.
If time permits, also visit Xin Tian Di, a place also called “New World of Shanghai”, was started in early 1900’s and has become a top tourist spot in Shanghai due to its uniqueness of combining exotic and oriental buildings and culture. On one hand, there exist Shanghai traditional architectures, stone-arched gates, lanes and old residential houses, with the presence of antique walls, tiles and exterior; but on the other hand, the interior of these architectures shows a totally different modern style. It is a fashionable pedestrian street with the international gallery, bars and cafes, boutiques and restaurants, and you can enjoy dining, shopping, and leisure, and have a perceiving of both the old Shanghai in the 1900’s and the modern Shanghai of the 21st century.
Overnight in Suzhou Luxury Hotel
Day 5: SHANGHAI -TONGLI-SUZHOU (B/L)
After breakfast, take a bus about 2 hours to TONGLI, an ancient water town, started in Song Dynasty (960 -1279 AD). Water town in China means a town with a lot of rivers crossing or surrounding, therefore, you will see small rivers, old bridges, stone-paved alleys and streets, as well as many old residences in the small town. The most famous residence, called “The Retreat & Reflection Garden”, built in 19 century by an official in Qing Dynasty (1885 AD), is now a notable classical garden in China and recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
After lunch, we take bus to Suzhou (30-40 minutes). Suzhou, an ancient city with over 2,500 years of history, with 42% area of the city covered by water (rivers, waterways and ponds), is praised as the “Venice of the Orient” and renowned for its classical gardens, waterways and silk industry.
Visit some most famous classic gardens, such as Humble Administrator’s Garden, Couple’s Retreat Garden, all recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Then transfer to hotel, have the rest of the day at leisure. Please consult your guide for dining advice, either dining out or dining in the hotel.
Overnight on cruise
Day 6: SUZHOU – YICHANG (Cruise Day 1 Embarkation day) (B/D)
After breakfast, ride high-speed rail（D956/9577 Suzhou-Yichang 10:03 – 16:16）to Yichang, you can have lunch on the train. Upon arrival in Yichang, take a break and enjoy your supper with relaxation. After dinner board cruise ship to YANGTZE RIVER, depart Yichang and sail upstream and your luxury Yangtze River Cruise journey begins.
Optional Excursion: Three Gorges Dam RMB260.00, Pay on board
Overnight on cruise
Day 7: YANGTZE RIVER CRUISE(B/L/D)
Cruise Day 2
Yangtze River is the longest river in China (6,380 KM) and the third in the world, after the Nile and the Amazon. The most impressive part of the Yangtze River is the Three Gorges where our Yangtze River cruise will be sailing, stretching from Yichang to Chongqing for 193 KM.
In the morning, 6:30 Taichi exercise led by Taichi Master.
Taichi, one of Chinese martial arts (Kung Fu) was initially created for both defense/fighting and health benefits and has now been developed into a physical exercise for body fitness.
7:00 Passes through the first Gorge-Xiling Gorge (east section)
7:15-8:00 Breakfast provided by buffet
8:00-10:30 Optional Excursion: Three Gorges Tribe.
Three Gorges Tribe is a good place to view the wonderful natural landscapes and explore the unique culture and custom of the Tujia ethnic minority (one of China’s minority groups). You will find yourself in a natural scenery painting: blue sky, green mountains, crystal-clear water, boats floating quietly, and waterwheels rotating slowly. Moreover, you may enjoy some amazing folk shows and acrobatics, and the wonderful song and dance performances by Tujia girls and boys.
In the afternoon: 13:00-15:30 A shore excursion to the work-site of the Three Gorges Project. (Coach ride 15 min., go to visit Jar Hill, model room about 2 hours)
16:00-19:00 Passes through the 5 -steps ship-lock
The Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest hydro-power project, 2,335 meters long, 115 meters wide at bottom, 40 meters wide at top, 181 meters high, with storage capacity of 39.3 billion of cubic meter, and with more than 1.2 million residents displaced and more than hundred towns flooded.
In the evening: 17:30: Captain’s Welcoming Banquet
20:30 Captain’s Welcoming Dancing Party in Ballroom
Optional Excursion White Emperor City: RMB260.00. Pay on board
Overnight on cruise
Day 8: YANGTZE RIVER CRUISE (B/L/D)
Cruise Day 3
In the morning, 6:30 Taichi exercise led by Taichi Master.
7:00-8:00 Breakfast provided by buffet.
8:00-11:30 Shore excursion to Shennong Stream.
Disembark from your Cruise and switch to a smaller ferry boat, which will sail about 20 minutes to Shennong Stream landing, and then transfer to traditional sampans (small wooden boats that hold approximately 12 passengers and 6 boat men and boat trackers), called “peapod boats” because of their appearance.
If lucky to have a local Tujia minority guide, you can ask the guide to sing some traditional folk songs or sweet love songs, while passing narrow gorges and seeing beautiful scenery. When boat going through shallow areas or getting stuck, boat trackers will get out of boat and pull the boat manually with rope on their backs. You don’t need to be guilty for this, most boat trackers are from undeveloped areas and are happy to have this job to support their families. This shore excursion must be one of your unforgettable memories.
In the afternoon: 13:00 Passes though second gorge, Wu Gorge (about 1.7 hours)
15:00 Passes through third gorge, Qutang (about 30 minutes)
16:00-18:30 Shore excursion to White Emperor City (optional)
White Emperor City, a quite small ancient town, has been very famous for its involvement in a historic event (223 AD) when an emperor lost an important war and had to entrust his young successor and empire to his Prime minister when he was dying. It is not a wonderful scenery spot and might not be worthy visiting if you have no background of Chinese history.
In the evening: 18:30 Dinner
20:30 Party full of local folk feature, crew’s performance.
Optional Excursion Fengdu: RMB260.00. Pay on board
Overnight on cruise
Day 9: CRUISE SHIP – CHONGQING (B/L/D)
Cruise Day 4
In the morning: 6:30 Taichi exercise led by Taichi Master.
7:00-8:00 Breakfast provided by buffet.
8:00-10:00 Shore excursion to ShiBaoZhai.
Shibaozhai was an ancient village built about 400 years ago on top of a steep and craggy hill (660 feet tall) as a fortress by a group of rebels in middle 17th century. In early 18th century, a Buddhist temple was built against on the hill. In early 19th century, a 9-story wooden pagoda was built again the hill cliff to aid prayers and visitors in getting to Buddhist temple. In 1956, three more stories were added on top of the wooden pagoda, to the current 12 stories.
11:30 Sails to Chongqing.
In the afternoon: 13:30 (Optional Shore Excursion) Fengdu-Ghost City (by coach, about 2.5 hours)
Fengdu Ghost City, known to most Chinese, has two thousand years’ history and has combined the cultures of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism with the mystique of Chinese ghosts, where you can learn some basic ideas about Chinese ghost culture.
In the evening: 18:00 Captain’s Farewell Banquet
20:30 Night on the Yangze River – Gathering Party
Luxury Hotel Overnight in Xi’an
Day 10: CHONGQING – XI’AN (B/L/D)
Disembark cruise in Chongqing, and followed by a visit to the Ciqikou, an old town, situated on the bank of the Jia Ling River, which is famous for its production of porcelain. After Lunch, ride bulletin train (D1973, 13:09 – 18:33) to Xi’an.
In the evening, enjoy a Tang Dynasty Dancing Show along with a Dumpling Banquet.
Overnight in Xi’an Luxury Hotel
Day 11: XI’AN (B/L/D)
Today, after breakfast, we are visiting Terra-Cotta Warriors. Xi’an is the most important city in Western China. Xi’an is also one of the oldest cities in China, with more than 3,000 years of history, and was being the capital for several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou (1046 BC – 771 BC), Qin, Western Han (202 BC – 8 AD), Sui, and Tang (618 – 907), for more than 1000 years. Xi’an is home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, and the starting point of the Silk Road. Silk Road, initiated in Western Han, is an ancient network of trade routaes and cultural interaction for centuries, from Xi’an through Eurasia to the regions of Mediterranean.
The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shihuang, the first Emperor of China. Trace back to the time of 2,000 years ago, 246 BC, soon after Qin Shihuang enthroned, his mausoleum project began, eventually involved 700,000 workers and lasted 39 years. Terracotta warriors were part of Qin Shihuang Mausoleum project, with more than 8,000 life-sized statues/soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. It is a form of funerary art, with the Terracotta Army buried with the First Emperor to protect the emperor and his empire in his afterlife. Terracotta soldiers were made to real Qin soldiers with individual personalities and arranged according to battle arrays of the real Qin armies. Terracotta Army is another most impressive man-made wonders in world’s history and was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
After lunch, visit the Ceramic factory, where to learn how Terracotta was made and see Terracotta duplicates and other ceramic crafts. If interested, you can feel free to shop some. In later afternoon, visit Muslim Quarter of Xi’an. The history of the Muslim Quarter can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD), when Muslim merchants came via the Silk Road to Chang’an (today’s Xi’an), and Muslim food later developed its special characteristics of mainly using beef and mutton, complementing with pastry. Today, the Xi’an Muslim Quarter is famous for its traditional foods and cultural activities. The traditional foods consist of a lot of delicious local Xi’an delicacies and typical Shaanxi snacks, such as paomo, sour soup dumplings, soup with pepper, fried dough twist (mahua) and so on. Xi’an Muslim Quarter, also called Muslim Street, a featured stone-paved old street, has become a favourite place for locals and visitors because of the tastiest foods and leisure atmosphere.
Overnight in Beijing Luxury Hotel
Day 12: XI’AN – BEIJING (B/L/D)
After Breakfast, tour the ancient City wall of Xi’an. Xi’an City Wall was initially built in Ming Dynasty (1374 AD – 1378 AD) and significantly refurbished a few times since then. Today, Xi’an city wall remains the most complete ancient city wall in China and one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. The City Wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-
14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) wide at the bottom and covers 13.7 kilometres (8.5 miles) in length with a deep moat surrounding it.
After lunch, ride the high-speed train to Beijing (G88 13:30 – 17:55)
Special dinner: Roast duck banquet
Overnight in Beijing Luxury Hotel
Day 13: BEIJING (B/L/D)
In the history of China, Beijing was the capital for around 900 years (since Jin Dynasty, 1115-1234 AD) till 1911 and has been resumed as the capital of the People’s Republic of China since 1949, and therefore is home to tremendous historical and cultural heritages. Of those, most famous ones are Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, the Great Wall, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven and Ming Dynasty Tombs, most of them recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Also, Beijing, the second biggest city behind Shanghai in China, has become a world-class political, economic, cultural and educational center, with a population of 21.7 million (2017). In 2008, Beijing hosted the 29th Olympics Games and built some extremely brilliant architectures, such as Bird’s Nest National Stadium and Water Cube. Nowadays, Beijing has become the most visited place in the world, receives hundreds of millions of visitors every year.
After breakfast, visit the Tiananmen Square (meaning the Square of Heavenly Peace in Chinese), it is the world’s largest inner-city square, significantly enlarged in 1959 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. Tiananmen Square covers 440,000 square meters and can hold one million people. Also, every day, there are National Flag-raising Ceremony and Flag-lowering Ceremony on Tiananmen Square, at the times of sunrise and sunset.
After Tiananmen Square, then visit the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City, also known as the Imperial Palace, is China’s and World’s greatest Imperial Palace. It was originated back to the Yuan Dynasty (13th century), and significantly re-built and enlarged by the Third Ming Dynasty Emperor (between AD 1406 and 1420), and continuously maintained by following Ming and Qing Dynasties. The Forbidden City covers 720,000 square meters and has been home to 24 Emperors in Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (AD 1644-1912), where Emperors were living and ruling their empires. The Imperial Palace has been called the Forbidden City since ordinary citizens weren’t never allowed to access; it is surrounded by a 10-meter-high wall with watch towers in the four corners (with guiding soldiers on the wall 24 hours a day in empire times) and a 50-meter-wide moat. Today, the Forbidden City has been turned into a Palace Museum with the world’s largest collection of Chinese traditional architectures, wooden furniture, treasures and artworks, and welcomes around 17 million of visitors a year, and is recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
After lunch you will have the chance to explore the old town of Beijing, on a Pedicab Ride through the Hutongs and Siheyuan.
In Beijing, hutongs are alleys formed by lines of Siheyuan, the traditional courtyard residences of civilians in North China for past hundreds of years. Many neighborhoods were formed by joining one Siheyuan to another to form a hutong, and then joining one hutong to another. The word hutong is also used to refer to such neighborhoods.
Since the mid-20th century, many Beijing hutongs were demolished to make way for new roads and buildings. More recently, however, many hutongs have been designated as protected, to preserve this aspect of Chinese cultural history. Hutongs were first established in the Yuan dynasty (1206–1341 AD) and then developed in the Ming (1368–1628 AD) and Qing (1644–1908 AD) dynasties.
After Hutongs and Siheyuan, you have the chance to watch a tea making performance, and in meanwhile, learn Beijing Opera Mask painting.
In the evening, enjoy a delicious Peking Roast Duck Dinner at the most famous restaurant – Quanjude.
After Dinner：Golden Mask Dynasty Show
Luxury Hotel Overnight in Beijing
Day 14: BEIJING (B/L/D)
Today, we take time to explore one of the most impressive architectural wonders in world’s history, the Great Wall. The Great Wall is a defence system consisting of a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, and wood, along the historical northern borders of China to protect various Chinese empires from the invasions of Nomadic tribes in the North. The Great Wall initially started in 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China (little of which remains), and has been significantly rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced in Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) stretching for more than 5,000 miles. Today, the majority of the existing Great Wall is from the Ming Dynasty and is recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
For sightseeing of the Great Wall Tour, you will visit the Badaling Great Wall, it is the best preserved and most representative section of the Great Wall, and therefore the most visited Great Wall section.
After the Great Wall tour, we return to Beijing city,
After dinner, you will enjoy a Golden Mask Dynasty Show.
Golden Mask Dynasty show is a stage show, inspired by and based on a very old Chinese civilization – Sanxingdui Civilization, which was an unconfirmed Bronze Age culture (about 5000 – 3000 BC) and was only speculated by some excavated remarkable artefacts, such as the Golden Mask. The show is to describe Golden Mask Queen established a glorious dynasty with wisdom, tolerance, trust and love, epically reappearing a magnificent time of the Chinese civilization.
Luxury Hotel Overnight in Beijing
Day 15: BEIJING (B/L/D)
After breakfast, visit Temple of Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is an imperial complex of religious buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing. The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. The temple complex was constructed from 1406 to 1420 AD during the reign of the Yongle Emperor in Ming Dynasty, who was also the one constructed the Forbidden City in Beijing. The Temple of Heaven was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.
In afternoon, tour Summer Palace, Summer Palace (Yiheyuan in Chinese) is the largest and most well-preserved royal park in China. It covers 742.8 acres, with more than 3,000 man-made ancient structures, such as pavilions, towers, bridges, and corridors. Summer Palace was initially constructed in 1750 as a luxurious royal garden for royal families to rest and entertain but was destroyed by Anglo-French Allied Force in 1860 and reconstructed in 1888. Summer Palace was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998.
Day 16: BEIJING – CANADA (B)
You have completed the 16 days wonderful China tour. We thank you for travelling with us and hope you have got another unforgettable experience.
After breakfast, transfer to Airport for the flight back home.
Dynamic China 16 Days
|DEPARTURE DATES||PRICE (2 OCCP.) CAD P.P.||SINGLE SUPPLEMENT CAD P.P.||LAND TOUR ONLY|
|Apr 08, 2019 （SOLD OUT）||CAD3850.00 （SOLD OUT）||CAD1690.00 （SOLD OUT）||CAD2950.00 （SOLD OUT）|
|May 08,2019 (Only 1 Spots Left)||CAD3850.00||CAD1690.00||CAD2950.00|
|Sep 09, 2019 （SOLD OUT）||CAD3850.00 （SOLD OUT）||CAD1690.00 （SOLD OUT）||CAD2950.00 （SOLD OUT）|**Prices valid until May 31, 2019
**Prices are based on Calgary departure, for other departure cities, please speak with us for accurate quotation.
**Prices are based on double occupancy, and per each guest.
**Payment by cheque or cash only.
**Credit card not accepted except for deposit.
What the tour price includes:
*Taxes and fuel surcharge.
*International flight air fare（From Calgary, Edmonton）.
*All luxury hotels & special style hotel accommodations.
*Local transportation as specified (air, cruise, and coach).
*Daily meals mentioned in the itinerary and featuring regional specialties.
*Guided sightseeing and entrance fees per itinerary.
*English-speaking guides throughout tour.
What the tour price not includes:
*Local guide & drivers service fees (CAD10.00 per day per guest)
*Visa fee (optional: CAD180.00 per guest)
*Gratuities for tour leader where applicable
*Optional admission charges
Xi’an: Tang Dynasty Dancing Show along with a Dumpling Banquet in the evening.
The Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show, a wonderful performance of the ancient music and dance, is a must when you visit Xian. The city, which was formerly known as Chang’an has a very long history, and was the imperial capital during 13 dynastic periods. Of these, the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907) was the most prosperous and glorious of all. The Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show is an outstanding exponent of this ancient stable and prosperous society, keeping alive its splendid culture and providing an insight into the peaceful life style of the period.
As an art form, the show has its roots in folk fetes, when dances were first performed by people as part of rituals of prayer for a good harvest or a better life. Over thousands of years, the dances developed from a few simple postures or gestures to become delicate and artistic reaching a peak during the Tang Dynasty. Unlike some other regimes, the Tang was open to outside influences and was willing to take in the best of various art forms of not only the past dynasties but also the ethnic groups in the northwestern China as well as central and western Asia. Thus a wide range sqr-thu10mb-captionof unusual oriental musical instruments, many techniques such as painting, sculpting, pattern and costume design, cuisine and dining etiquette, singing and dancing was accepted by the Chinese, paving the way for the kind of entertainment that is now the Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show. By combining poetry with the skilled playing of musical instruments, singing, dancing and also stunning costumes, the modern presentation is certain to give you an impressive view of ancient China including its splendid history, brilliant arts, distinct traditions and customs.
Golden Mask Dynasty
An original Chinese drama play, ‘The Golden Mask Dynasty’ was sponsored by Overseas Chinese Town, OCT, which invested 200 million yuan into building the Beijing OCT Theater for the play. The play has eight chapters and included more than 200 actors from China and abroad. Produced by Chinese playwrights, directors and designers, the play features Chinese dances, acrobatics, costumes, and lighting and acoustics.
This is a Chinese tail, an ancient romantic legend, the fragment of distant historical memory — The beautiful Golden Mask Queen leading her just army defeated the invading Blue Mask and also made the acquaintance of him. The post-war Golden Mask Dynasty returned to its leisurely pastoral life. To ask bless for the Golden Mask Dynasty, the Queen decided to forge the ”mysterious tree”. When the tree grew up, the Queen held a grand celebration and released the Blue soldiers. The Blue Mask King was deeply moved by the Queen’s tolerance, the same to the Queen by his braveness, so it witnessed their great admiration and love.
Monstrous floods stroke the kingdom and left it at risk. To save the people, the Queen, under the guidance of the mysterious tree, sacrificed herself. The Golden Mask Queen had to say farewell to the Blue Mask King. The flood gradually subsided, and the people were rescued. The Blue Mask King and the people had endless loving thought of the Queen, and the Queen turned into a golden sunbird flying in the sky above her hometown, blessing the long-lasting well-being of the dynasty.
Shanghai: an exciting Acrobatics Show
Acrobatics is an interactive art form. Everyone, young or old, educated or not, can easily appreciate it while watching or seeing the acrobats perform. There is no language barrier and borders of culture do not limit it.
Chinese Acrobatics is one of the oldest performing arts. Its history can be traced back to Neolithic times. It is believed that acrobatics grew out of labor and self-defense skills, which people practiced and demonstrated during their leisure time. The early performance is “walking on three-meter-high stilts while juggling seven gaggers”. Then it developed into an entire art form.
Together with the developing economy, acrobatics is also evolving into a kind of performing art. It became well known worldwide while performances are presented along the Silk Road. In Europe and North America, Chinese acrobatic performances always attract large audiences.
The acrobatic performers were trained strictly the basic skills starting from the early age of six or seven years old. Because the required techniques are extremely difficult and risky, the training is long, hard and intense. Examples of basic skills are handsprings, somersaults, waist and leg flexibility, and headstands. The performers must endure great deal of unexpected pains in order to become excellent.
The House of Dancing Water
It is a water-based stage production written and directed by Franco Dragone. The show, which was the second water show by Franco Dragone’s company, premiered in September 2010. As of February 2013, it had been performed over 1,000 times and seen by over 2 million spectators. The production is located at the City of Dreams resort on the Cotai Strip in Macau. The show runs for 90 minutes, and features acrobatic elements and original acts, with a stage that transforms into different sets. Over 80 gymnasts, circus artists, dancers, divers, actors, and motorcyclists are featured in the show.
Cloisonne is a unique art form that originated in Beijing during the Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368). In the period titled ‘Jingtai’ during the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), the emperor who was very much interested in bronze-casting techniques, improved the color process, and created the bright blue that appealed to the Oriental aesthetic sense. After a processing breakthrough, most articles for his daily use were made of cloisonne; in time cloisonne became popular among the common people; their favorite called ‘Jingtai Blue’.
Freshwater Pearl 淡水珍珠
With a total production of 1,500 tons in 2006, China holds a monopoly over the pearl industry today. Although the birth of the Chinese freshwater pearl industry is traced back to the area around Shanghai, freshwater pearls are now produced in all the surrounding provinces including: Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, and Jianxi. Local pearl trade is conducted mainly in the cities of Zhuji (Shanxiahu), Suzhou, Wuxi, Wenling, and Weitang. The largest marketplace for these freshwater pearls is the world’s pearl trading hub, Hong Kong.
Saltwater Pearl 海水珍珠
The main Chinese saltwater farms are located in the south of the peninsula of Leizhou, in the province of Guangdong and Guangxi. The producers use by the name of Akoya. As noted above, these oysters produce only up to four or five pearls each.
Raising silkworms and reeling the silk from their cocoons was ancient China’s greatest achievement in the utilization of natural fibers. As long ago as the Neolithic Age (c. 12,000-2000 BC), the Chinese ancestors had invented flat-weaving and figured-weaving techniques, and were tinting cloth using natural vermilion dye. With improvements in loom construction dying methods, more varieties of silk were developed and a comprehensive system of cloth dying evolved. China possessed the most advanced silk dying and weaving techniques of the ancient world.
Chinese jade is any of the carved-jade objects produced in China from the Neolithic Period onward. The Chinese regarded carved-jade objects as intrinsically valuable. They metaphorically equated jade with human virtues because of its hardness, durability, and beauty. The Chinese used jade for tools, but also for carved insignias and talismans probably related to ceremonial ritual. Jade was prized by the Chinese for its durability, its musical qualities, its subtle, translucent colors, and its alleged protective powers – it was thought to prevent fatigue and delay the decomposition of the body.
Green Tea 绿茶
The green Tea (in simplified sinograms 绿茶, in traditional sonograms绿茶 and in pinyin lǜchá) is a tea slightly oxidized during its manufacture. This type of tea is extremely popular in China and Japan, where it deemed to have therapeutic properties more effectively. This tea is spreading increasingly in the West, in which they traditionally drink instead of black tea. It is also the base ingredient of mint tea. Steeping green tea too hot or too long will result in a bitter, astringent brew, regardless of the initial quality, because it will result in the release of an excessive amount of tannins. High-quality green teas can be and usually are steeped multiple times; two or three steepings is typical. The steeping technique also plays a very important role in avoiding the tea developing an overcooked taste. The container in which the tea is steeped or teapot should also be warmed beforehand so that the tea does not immediately cool down. It is common practice for tea leaf to be left in the cup or pot and for hot water to be added as the tea is drunk until the flavor degrades.